Electives 2

 

2.1 Operational Level Energy Security (DLMS)

The aim of the elective is to apply energy security factors relevant to NATO by introducing fundamental concepts and analysing energy security developments in the current geopolitical situation and their potential impact on alliance security and military operations at an operational level.

The elective is certified as a NATO course and consists of ADL, individual preparation, lectures, seminars, reading tasks, presentations, and group work. The lectures will be delivered in cooperation with the specialists’ network from the NATO Energy Security Centre of Excellence.

The main topics of the elective are NATO’s role in energy security, NATO ENSEC COE: introduction and activities, military aspects of energy security, geopolitics of energy security, power production and distribution in the Baltic states, energy conflicts, hybrid warfare, and energy security, critical energy infrastructure protection (CEIP), the energy infrastructure in the maritime domain, intersection of cybersecurity and critical energy infrastructure (CEI), energy efficiency in military operations, and energy behaviour changes with military application.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the elective, students should be able to:

  1. Analyse energy security developments and their potential impact on military operations.
  2. Analyse risks to Critical Energy Infrastructure (CEI) by focusing on the entire energy system.
  3. Apply innovative energy efficiency approaches to improve NATO capabilities.

 

2.2 Intermediate Strategic Communications (STRATCOM) (DMS)

The aim of the elective/course is to educate planners in order for them to ensure StratCom integration and execution occurs at all levels within their headquarters.

The elective/course is certified as a NATO course and consists of Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) or an online course, lectures, seminars, and group work and involves students’ individual work and preparation. Lectures will be delivered in cooperation with the specialists from NATO Strategic Communications Centre of Excellence, the Baltic states, NATO Force Structure, and NATO Command Structure.

The elective/course is open to external students. The course can be organised as an online course depending on necessity and time available.

The main topics of this elective are STRATCOM framework, STRATCOM narrative, implementation of STRATCOM, and information environment – challenges and opportunities for a military leader.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the elective, students should be able to:

  1. Understand the fundamentals of NATO Strategic Communications.
  2. Understand NATO StratCom policy and its relationship to Political-Military (POLMIL) Direction and Guidance (D&G).
  3. Understand Information Environment in relation to StratCom.
  4. Understand the role, function, utility, and limitations of StratCom related functions and capabilities.
  5. Implement StratCom considerations into processes and products of their branch/department.

 

2.3 Resistance Operating Concept (DMS)

The aim of the elective is to utilise the Resistance Operating Concept to develop a national, organised resistance capability, implementing a whole of the government approach to deter external actors.

The lectures will be delivered in cooperation with specialists from NATO Special Operations Headquarters, Swedish Defence University, US Special Operations Command Europe, and US Joint Special Operations University.

The main topics of this elective are Total Defence (resilience and resistance), Resistance Operating Environment, and Interagency coordination.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the elective, students should be able to:

  1. Examine the organisation of a Total Defense program, building resilience and planning resistance pre-conflict.
  2. Use resistance planning considerations in the discussion of the Operating Environment, threats that lead to instability, and programs to counter the effects.
  3. Employ interagency functions and considerations for developing an organised resistance.
  4. Demonstrate an understanding of Resistance Operating Concepts in the review of a historical case study.

 

2.4 Joint Logistics and HNS (DMS)

The aim of the elective is to provide students with an understanding of NATO Joint Logistics and Host Nation Support (HNS) at the operational level.

The elective consists of lectures, group work, round tables and daily plenary discussions. The ‘EX JOINT RESOLVE’ scenario will be used throughout the elective.

The main topics of this elective are: NATO Joint Logistics capabilities and organisational forms, logistics inputs to Situational Awareness of potential crisis in Baltic Sea Region Countries (EST, LVA, LTU), Factor Analysis (from logistics perspective), use of Host Nation Support (HNS) in planning and conducting the operations, development of basic logistics concept of operations, and the purpose and the role of Resource Coordination Working Group/Resource Coordination Board in Joint Task Force Headquarters’ (JTFHQ) daily Battle Rhythm.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the elective, students should be able to:

  1. Apply the principles of Operational Planning Process in operational appreciation of the Strategic Environment from a logistics perspective.
  2. Describe joint logistics challenges in the provision of logistic support to joint operations.
  3. Estimate necessary requirements for the provision of the HNS in the Joint Operations Area.
  4. Identify the key principles and practices for effective planning, execution, and control of the logistics concept of operations.

 

2.5 Intelligence and Counter-Intelligence (DMS)

The aim of the elective is to develop and enhance students’ knowledge regarding intelligence and counter-intelligence, including the Intelligence disciplines, especially aspects of Human Intelligence (HUMINT) and Joint Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (JISR).

The main topics of this elective are the role of staff officers in supporting the Intelligence Process, the formulation of intelligence requirements, and the significance of the timeline of when they should be formulated, Counter-Intelligence in NATO, and HUMINT.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the elective, students should be able to:

  1. Examine the intelligence process linking tactical, operational, and strategic levels.
  2. Describe the processes and activities related to Counter-Intelligence measures.
  3. Identify the role of HUMINT as one of the Intelligence collection discipline's contributions to military operations.

 

2.6 Law of Visiting Forces (DPS)

The aim of the elective is to introduce the law of visiting forces in peacetime and an armed conflict context.

The elective focuses on the status of forces agreements relevant not only in planning and conducting contemporary military operations but also when serving in international headquarters or participating in military exercises abroad. The elective consists of lectures and group work and involves the students’ individual work and preparation.

The main topics of this elective are the essence of the law of visiting forces, NATO status of forces agreements, the European Union’s and United Nations' status of forces agreements, and the law of visiting forces in an operational context.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the elective, students should be able to:

  1. Explain the international legal frameworks established for visiting forces.
  2. Employ the law of visiting forces in a peacetime environment.
  3. Employ the law of visiting forces in an armed conflict environment

 

2.7 Cyber Defence Policy on National and International Levels (DPS)

The aim of the elective is to analyse the strategic aspects of cybersecurity in national and international security contexts through the evaluation of comprehensive cyberspace policies and approaches. The Elective will underscore the multidimensional character of cyber defence. Guest speakers representing diverse opinions from the political, military, academic, and private sectors will stress the importance of cyberspace for the contemporary security environment and its effects on conventional and hybrid warfare. The Elective is EU certified and will be delivered in cooperation with the European Security and Defence College (ESDC).

The main topics of the Elective are: key concepts - cyberspace, cybersecurity, and cyber defence; Threat environment and threat actors in cyberspace; Laws, norms, and responsible behaviour in cyberspace; Cyber diplomacy; Practical aspects of cybersecurity: vulnerabilities and responses; Cyber policy dilemmas; Military considerations: deterrence, defence or defence forward? and Comprehensive approach and resilience in cyberspace.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the elective, students should be able to:

  1. Consider strategic aspects of cybersecurity.
  2. Analyse trends in the cybersecurity environment.
  3. Apply cybersecurity terminology, concepts, issues, and components.
  4. Assess the role of cybersecurity in national and international security contexts.

 

2.8 Russian History and Culture (DPS)

The aim of the Elective is to identify core historical developments and cultural properties of Russia that shape its politics today and are used constantly in both political debates as well as in the making of strategic decisions. The aim is to provide students with an overview of Russian history and its geopolitical aspects influencing its military-strategic decisions. At the end of the course, students will be familiarised with the development of Russian thought and the formulation of cultural identity. This Elective will take the form of a seminar with student presentations. The task will consist of analysing a contemporary speech from the Russian political elite, looking for cultural and historical references within them, and identifying them and their importance in the speech. The main topics are an overview of Russia’s history, imperial Russia, the ‘Third Rome’, wars, revolutions, and shocks in Russia, the Russian ‘art of war’, Russian culture, and Eastern European perspectives on these Russian historical implications.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the elective, students should be able to:

  1. Explain the importance of the core historical events in Russia’s history.
  2. Express an understanding of Russian political and strategic culture as well as a cultural identity.
  3. Express the importance and the development of Russian thought and formulation of Russian cultural history.
  4. Categorise and be able to explain the importance of large conflicts before the 20th century influencing Russia’s strategic mindset.

 

2.9 Strategic Decision Making in NATO

The aim of the elective is to expose students to the processes, methods, and best practises of NATO Strategic Level Operations Planning. Students will appraise NATO planning and decision-making processes that take place at the strategic and military-political levels using a scenario-based approach. The Elective will use a combination of lectures and simulated processes (exercise "Consensus Building"). At the successful conclusion of each course, each student should be able to evaluate the knowledge and practical experience obtained regarding the political-military processes in NATO. The students should also have first-hand experience on how to evaluate the challenges of building consensus in a realistic scenario.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the elective, students should be able to:

  1. Appraise NATO strategic level operations planning processes, methods, and best practices;
  2. Assess the challenges of consensus building during operations planning at NATO strategic levels;
  3. Apply NATO strategic level operations planning skills in formulating military advice to strategic decision-making in national and international contexts.

 

Assessment method Assessment
All Elective (EL) 2 assignments are based on individual participation/engagement and contribution to syndicate/team/group work throughout the elective (ICGW) but may vary. Additionally, the assessment is based on: Summative (Fail/Pass/Pass with Distinction)
EL 2.1 ICGW, case study group presentation, and completion of pre-course ADL
EL 2.2 ICGW and a test
EL 2.3 ICGW
EL 2.4 ICGW
EL 2.5 ICGW
EL 2.6 ICGW and a group presentation.
EL 2.7 ICGWand two group presentations (50% each)
EL 2.8 ICGW with seminar presentations
EL 2.9 ICGW
Credits: 1.5 ECTS  
 
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